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Joseph Lyons 06 Jan 1932 10th Prime Minister
Joseph Lyons was sworn in as Prime Minister. His new United Australia Party won government at the election on 19 December.
Joseph Lyons 03 May 1932 Unemployment relief
The Loan (Unemployment Relief Works) Act authorised the government to grant money from a fund of 1,800,000 pounds for relief work approved by employment councils in each State.
Joseph Lyons 01 Jul 1932 The ABC is born
The Australian Broadcasting Commission was established to set up and operate national broadcasting stations. Broadcast programs were to address as many of the interests of the community as compatible with ‘suitable broadcasting’.
Joseph Lyons 29 Nov 1932 Nine miles from Gundagai
Prime Minister Joseph Lyons unveiled the ‘Dog on the Tucker Box’ statue near Gundagai, in the southwest of New South Wales. Thousands of people assembled for the ceremony.
Joseph Lyons 07 Feb 1933 Australian territory in Antarctica
The Australian Antarctic Territory was formally proclaimed by Douglas Mawson aboard the Discovery in Antarctic waters. Britain had ceded Antarctic claims to Australia and the Australian Antarctic Territory Acceptance Act came into effect from 24 August 1936.
Joseph Lyons 14 Jul 1933 Nazi government
The National Socialist Party assumed power in Germany. It was declared the only legal political party.
Joseph Lyons 15 Sep 1934 14th federal election
House of Representatives and 18 Senate seats
Joseph Lyons 06 Nov 1934 Egon Kisch
Journalist Egon Kisch was invited to speak at a conference in Melbourne but he was prevented from leaving his ship at Fremantle. In Sydney, the government attempted to bar his entry by giving him a dictation test in Gaelic, knowing he spoke seven European languages. Kisch challenged the ban on his entry and won the case. He spoke at workers’ meetings until he left Australia in March 1935.
Joseph Lyons 06 May 1935 Silver jubilee
King George V and Queen Mary celebrated the 25th anniversary of their reign. Among the guests were Robert and Pattie Menzies, making their first visit to Britain.
Joseph Lyons 18 Nov 1935 Invasion of Ethiopia
Australia joined other League of Nations members in advocating sanctions against Italy after Italian troops entered Ethiopia in October. The Lyons government's Sanctions Act 1935 prohibited Australians from all commercial dealings with Italy.
Joseph Lyons 20 Jan 1936 King Edward VIII
The Prince of Wales succeeded to the throne on the death of his father, King George V, but abdicated on 11 December 1936. His brother, the Duke of York was proclaimed King George VI two days later.
Joseph Lyons 23 Jan 1936 10th Governor-General
Lord Gowrie served as Governor-General until 30 January 1945.
Joseph Lyons 06 Mar 1937 Referendum
At this referendum two proposals were rejected by voters. The first sought to give the Commonwealth Parliament power with respect to air navigation and aircraft, while the second related to Section 92 of the Constitution, trade within the Commonwealth to be free.
Joseph Lyons 01 May 1937 King George VI
After the abdication of Edward VIII on 11 December 1936, the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth took place in Westminster Abbey.
Joseph Lyons 24 Jun 1937 Censorship Board
The Commonwealth Literature Censorship Board was established. The new Board (temporarily) lifted the old Book Censorship Advisory Committee’s ban on James Joyce’s Ulysses.
Joseph Lyons 23 Oct 1937 15th federal election
House of Representatives and 19 Senate seats
Joseph Lyons 26 Jan 1938 Aboriginal Day of Mourning
The 150th anniversary of the arrival of the First Fleet in Sydney Cove was officially celebrated as Australia’s Sesquicentenary. Unofficially, it was a Day of Mourning for Indigenous people who lobbied in vain for representation in parliament and for legal equality.
Joseph Lyons 31 Mar 1938 Capricornia
Xavier Herbert won the Commonwealth Sesquicentenary literary competition with his novel Capricornia, set in the Northern Territory.
Joseph Lyons 15 Nov 1938 ‘Pig iron’ dispute
Waterside workers at Port Kembla, New South Wales refused to load scrap iron destined for Japan, arguing that it would be used in munitions factories. Attorney-General Robert Menzies attempted to enforce the loading of the cargo.
Joseph Lyons 01 Dec 1938 Jewish refugees accepted
Australia agreed to take 15,000 Jewish refugees fleeing from Europe after the German occupation of Austria and Czechoslovakia.